[GSoC 2014: ARM port] Week #5

Blog post by dnivra on Sat, 2014-05-24 06:28

Over the last week, I managed to generate an SD card image which starts u-boot and passes control over to haiku_loader, which then crashes. This post will include instructions on how to create the haiku_loader and thus the bootable SD card image. I highly recommend using the shell script since it's easier.

Creating the SD card image
These are the list of steps that generate the SD card.

  1. Generate the ARM bootstrap image using jam.
  2. Generate haiku_loader which loads the Haiku OS from the BFS partition. As mentioned in the week #3 post[1], the haiku_loader loads Haiku contained in the BFS filesystem. The command to generate haiku_loader which starts at 0x80008000 and has entry point as 0x80008008 is
  3. $ mkimage -A arm -O netbsd -T multi -C none -a 0x80008000 -e 0x80008008 -n 'haiku_loader beagle' -d generated.arm/objects/haiku/arm/release/system/boot/haiku_loader ./haiku_loader_nbsd.ub
  4. Create an SD card image of size 512MB(at least 70MB larger than size of haiku bootstrap image generated using jam) with 2 partitions.
  5. The first one should be 70MB(more is fine) in size as described in [1]. Copy the u-boot files in [2] to the first partition as well as the haiku_loader_nbsd.ub generated above.
  6. dd the bootstrap image into the second partition of the image.
  7. Run the following command
    $ qemu-system-arm -M beaglexm -drive if=sd,file=./sdcard.img -clock unix -serial stdio -s
    which should produce output similar to this.
  8. VNC server running on `'
    U-Boot SPL 2011.12-00006-gb1fd369 (Dec 30 2011 - 09:48:45)
    Texas Instruments Revision detection unimplemented
    OMAP SD/MMC: 0
    reading u-boot.img
    reading u-boot.img
    U-Boot 2011.12-00006-gb1fd369 (Dec 30 2011 - 09:48:45)
    OMAP36XX/37XX-GP ES1.1, CPU-OPP2, L3-165MHz, Max CPU Clock 1 Ghz
    OMAP3 Beagle board + LPDDR/NAND
    I2C:   ready
    DRAM:  512 MiB
    NAND:  256 MiB
    MMC:   OMAP SD/MMC: 0
    *** Warning - bad CRC, using default environment
    ERROR : Unsupport USB mode
    Check that mini-B USB cable is attached to the device
    In:    serial
    Out:   serial
    Err:   serial
    Beagle xM Rev A
    No EEPROM on expansion board
    No EEPROM on expansion board
    Die ID #51454d5551454d555400000051454d55
    Net:   Net Initialization Skipped
    No ethernet found.
    Hit any key to stop autoboot:  0
    The user button is currently NOT pressed.
    SD/MMC found on device 0
    reading uEnv.txt
    118 bytes read
    Loaded environment from uEnv.txt
    Importing environment from mmc ...
    Running uenvcmd ...
    reading haiku_loader_nbsd.ub
    284804 bytes read
    ## Booting kernel from Legacy Image at 80008000 ...
       Image Name:   haiku_loader beagle
       Image Type:   ARM NetBSD Multi-File Image (uncompressed)
       Data Size:    284740 Bytes = 278.1 KiB
       Load Address: 80008000
       Entry Point:  80008008
          Image 0: 284732 Bytes = 278.1 KiB
       Verifying Checksum ... OK
       XIP Multi-File Image ... OK
    ## Transferring control to NetBSD stage-2 loader (at address 80008008) ...
    qemu: fatal: Trying to execute code outside RAM or ROM at 0xe59f300c
    R00=8004d83c R01=00000000 R02=8003c328 R03=e59f300c
    R04=00000000 R05=00000002 R06=f097e09d R07=9ff097e0
    R08=9ff04f68 R09=fffffff0 R10=9ffabc88 R11=9ff04b14
    R12=9ff04b18 R13=9ff04b00 R14=8000817c R15=e59f300c
    PSR=800001d3 N--- A svc32
    s00=00000000 s01=00000000 d00=0000000000000000
    s02=00000000 s03=00000000 d01=0000000000000000
    s04=00000000 s05=00000000 d02=0000000000000000
    s06=00000000 s07=00000000 d03=0000000000000000
    s08=00000000 s09=00000000 d04=0000000000000000
    s10=00000000 s11=00000000 d05=0000000000000000
    s12=00000000 s13=00000000 d06=0000000000000000
    s14=00000000 s15=00000000 d07=0000000000000000
    s16=00000000 s17=00000000 d08=0000000000000000
    s18=00000000 s19=00000000 d09=0000000000000000
    s20=00000000 s21=00000000 d10=0000000000000000
    s22=00000000 s23=00000000 d11=0000000000000000
    s24=00000000 s25=00000000 d12=0000000000000000
    s26=00000000 s27=00000000 d13=0000000000000000
    s28=00000000 s29=00000000 d14=0000000000000000
    s30=00000000 s31=00000000 d15=0000000000000000
    s32=00000000 s33=00000000 d16=0000000000000000
    s34=00000000 s35=00000000 d17=0000000000000000
    s36=00000000 s37=00000000 d18=0000000000000000
    s38=00000000 s39=00000000 d19=0000000000000000
    s40=00000000 s41=00000000 d20=0000000000000000
    s42=00000000 s43=00000000 d21=0000000000000000
    s44=00000000 s45=00000000 d22=0000000000000000
    s46=00000000 s47=00000000 d23=0000000000000000
    s48=00000000 s49=00000000 d24=0000000000000000
    s50=00000000 s51=00000000 d25=0000000000000000
    s52=00000000 s53=00000000 d26=0000000000000000
    s54=00000000 s55=00000000 d27=0000000000000000
    s56=00000000 s57=00000000 d28=0000000000000000
    s58=00000000 s59=00000000 d29=0000000000000000
    s60=00000000 s61=00000000 d30=0000000000000000
    s62=00000000 s63=00000000 d31=0000000000000000
    FPSCR: 00000000
    [1]    8452 abort (core dumped)  qemu-system-arm -M beaglexm -drive if=sd,file=./sdcard.img -clock unix -seria
    Next steps
    The next steps are
    1. Fix the out of bounds code execution at 0xe59f300c(which might take a while).
    2. Fix the build system so that it can automatically generate the SD card image.

    3. If you’re planning to debug the issue, I recommend using gdb-multiarch and binutils-multiarch to enable remote debugging/disassembly ARM binaries on non-ARM systems.

      1. /blog/dnivra/2014-05-12_gsoc_2014_arm_port_week_3
      2. https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B3_ne2_7uinUbF9rMHFJczlYMEU/edit?usp=sharing