Haiku monthly activity report - 01/2018
Welcome to the first monthly report for 2018!
This report covers hrev51723-hrev51790
Switch to Gerrit
The Haiku git repository is now running Gerrit. Gerrit is a tool designed to help with code reviews. The idea is to review the code before it is integrated in nightly builds, instead of reviewing after the fact as it was done for Haiku until now.
This should make it easier to track pending patches, and increase the stability of the nightly builds and development branch.
Developers are getting up to speed with the new system and experimenting with the workflow. There are also some missing bits, for example you may have noticed the lack of updates to the package repos this month. This will be fixed eventually (once kallisti5, our main sysadmin, is done moving houses).
Gerrit will be a very useful tool for reviewing what gets into the Beta branch, and will make the release process a lot easier to manage as it will be possible to share the work of reviewing changes between several developers (for the past release, due to lack of an appropriate tools it was all the responsability of the release coordinator).
DeadYak continues his work on Debugger. This month saw first a review of the code for memory allocation problems, leading to plugging various memory leaks and object ownership problems.
He also improved parsing of DWARF (debug information) from executables to provide more information on debugged data.
Finally, "type handlers" were reworked. This allows specific code to be used to show some data structures in a more user readable form. In particular, it opens the way for showing a BMessage content into Debugger, instead of only a raw memory dump of it.
mmlr fixed various subtleties and corner cases of the various wait*() APIs. This avoids some deadlocks and unexpected return values, improving our POSIX compatibility.
During GCI, ohnx investigated our coverity issues and eventually found one that needed an actual fix. This was in our implementation of printf_size, and after investigation korli found out that the problem had already been fixed in glibc back in 2004 (we are using an old version of the glibc in order to stay strictly binary compatible with BeOS, but usually we can backport such fixes).
Andrew Aldridge fixed another similar issue in strtod, where failing to parse an hex number could still eat some characters from the input.
leorize introduced an uchar.h as specified in C11. He also added the memmem function, with an implementation borrowed from OpenBSD.
Ho Tuan Kiet reviewed several CIDs about unsafe use of strcat or strcpy, and fixed them all to use secure functions to avoid accidentally corrupting memory.
korli reviewed all system call interfaces to properly access data from userland. When an application needs the kernel to do something, it will make a "system call". This is not implemented as a standard function call, because it is the boundary at which we enable the kernel to do kernel stuff (accessing hardware, etc) which is normally not accessible directly to applications.
The userland application may however need to pass pointers to its own memory to the kernel. We must then be careful in handling those, because the kernel can only "borrow" them to access the userland address space. We protect this through specific functions (user_memcpy and similar). However, in several places we just forgot to use these, thus missing the protection they bring (in particular, making sure the pointer is indeed pointing to the userland memory and not a malicious attempt to write into the kernel address space).
Once the checks were added in all needed places, korli also enabled SMAP and SMEP which are ways to further protect the code from unintentional or malicious access to userland code and data from the kernel. This makes Haiku a little more secure against this type of attack.
It is also worth mentionning that the kernel will self-modify itself to enable or disable these extra checks depending on wether the CPU actually supports them, and wether the feature is enabled in safe mode settings.
mmlr fixed the scheduler tracing code (used to examine the decisions made by the scheduler), and eventually fixed a panic that would trigger after several days of uptime because of an overflow in some computations. This should help keeping the haiku build bots more stable, for example.
mmu_man tweaked our pthread_create to set the thread id before resuming the thread. While this is not required by POSIX, Linux does it and some apps rely on it, and it does not cost much to implement it this way anyways.
An old patch from Korli was merged to fix remaining stack alignment issues on x86_64 platforms. In some cases, signal handler or thread stacks could end up misaligned, leading to crashes when using sse2 instructions there.
Finally, Korli also enabled X2APIC by default on recent Intel CPUs. This is yet another rework of the interrupt management hardware (the original programmable interrupt controller (PIC) was replaced by the "advanced" APIC, then xAPIC, and finally x2APIC). Supporting this should allow better dispatching and handling of hardware interrupts.
ohnx fixed some memory leaks and missing error checks in the FAT initialization code.
Some patches from Hy Che were merged to clean up and polish his work on btrfs. There are more to come but they are still being discussed on Gerrit.
tqh reworked the latest ACPICA update to fix some locking problems. We use upstream ACPICA sources but there are some changes we need to make, and these were accidentally removed the last time we updated our version. This resulted in bogus or missing battery information, for example.
Applications and Preferences
Owen started adding a scripting interface to MediaPlayer, so that it is possible to remote control it using hey (or other scripting tools). There are more changes to come in that area, but they are still being discussed on Gerrit.
Filip Maryjanski made the Screensaver preferences automatically update its list of screensavers when one is installed or uninstalled.
waddlesplash started reorganizing our docs to keep everything in a single place. Some documents were moved from the trac wiki to the git repository.
Korli fixed the bootstrap process and reviewed the list of included packages in standard images, to make sure Haiku comes "batteries included". For example, libedit was added to the minimal image because it is required for the Debugger to start.
Axeld added Get/SetPointer to BMessage. The functions were declared in the header file but were not implemented.
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