Emulating Haiku in KVM
For Google Code In 2019, Vrondir created a video on how to install Haiku in KVM [79 MiB].
Virtual instances of operating systems are perfect for all kinds of testing purposes that need to be done in a safe and isolated environment. Installing Haiku in a virtual machine is a solution for people who do not want to install it on their physical computers, but wish to become familiar with it.
In this guide the Haiku operating system is being run under virtual circumstances using Manjaro Linux, KVM, and Virtual Machine Manager. but you can use any distribution of Linux that supports KVM.
In this guide, we will be using a nightly
anyboot image because nightlies contain the latest Haiku changes - it can be obtained here. However, to enjoy more stability, the official release of Haiku is recommended.
Go to section
If you are using Arch Linux, you can enter the following into the terminal and set up KVM and virt-manager.
sudo pacman -S qemu virt-manager
If you are using Ubuntu, you can enter the following into the terminal instead and set up KVM and virt-manager:
sudo apt-get install qemu-kvm libvirt-bin virt-manager
As of Ubuntu 18.10, the
libvirt-bin package has been replaced, so the necessary command is a little different:
sudo apt-get install qemu-kvm libvirt-daemon-system libvirt-clients virt-manager
To enable libvirtd on boot, enter the following command in the terminal:
sudo systemctl enable libvirtd
Once the archive with the anyboot image is downloaded and unpacked, you can start the installation.
First, create a new virtual machine.
Then, choose the method of OS installation, which is
Local install media in this case and click
Browse to the
anyboot image you have unpacked and select the operating system you are installing. By default, it should automatically detect the OS after you have selected the image. In case it doesn't, just uncheck the
Automatically detect checkbox and just type in the OS name. Then, click
Here, we choose the memory and CPU settings. What you should select here, depends on the system you have. It is better to assign more than 256MiB of RAM for smooth running; too much, on the other hand, may cause a lag for the host. After choosing the memory size and CPU, click
Here, we can adjust the size of the disk image. When done, click
Name the virtual machine, verify the settings of the VM, then click
Finish, a popup saying
Virtual Network is not active may appear. Don't worry, it's just asking you to enable the
'default' network. Just click
Yes and everything should be fine, if not, see the Troubleshooting section.
The VM will now start and boot the Haiku image. You can choose to install Haiku or boot to the desktop. Installation is simple and does not differ really from a physical one (follow the guides on this page if you are not familiar with installing Haiku).
After finishing the installation of your VM, if you run into an error that says
Unable to complete install: network default is not active or something along those lines, make sure that
libvirtd is running by entering
sudo systemctl start libvirtd in terminal.
If the error still occurs do the following steps:
sudo virsh net-list --all
- If you don't have a defined network, the output will look like this:
Name State Autostart Persistent ----------------------------------------------------------
- If you do have a defined network, the output will look like this:
Name State Autostart Persistent ---------------------------------------------- default inactive no yes
Skip to Step 3 if your output does look like this.
Step 2. Define the
'default' network by copy-pasting the following lines into a file called
<network> <name>default</name> <uuid>9a05da11-e96b-47f3-8253-a3a482e445f5</uuid> <forward mode='nat'/> <bridge name='virbr0' stp='on' delay='0'/> <mac address='52:54:00:0a:cd:21'/> <ip address='192.168.122.1' netmask='255.255.255.0'> <dhcp> <range start='192.168.122.2' end='192.168.122.254'/> </dhcp> </ip> </network>
Now, in order to add that network permanently to the KVM host, run the following:
sudo virsh net-define --file default.xml
sudo virsh net-start default
There's a chance that you may receive the following error when you run the aforementioned command:
$ sudo virsh net-start default error: Failed to start network default error: internal error: Failed to initialize a valid firewall backend
In order to fix that, you will need to install
After installing the package, run the following commands in order to enable the service and make networking work again:
sudo systemctl enable --now firewalld sudo systemctl restart libvirtd
If you want the network to start automatically in the future, run the following command:
sudo virsh net-autostart --network default
sudo virsh net-list -all should now return the following:
Name State Autostart Persistent ---------------------------------------------- default inactive yes yes